Purple Loosestrife is competitive and colonial, often replacing native vegetation to form monocultures (DiTomaso and Healy 2003). Pieces of the roots and stem fragments can also produce new plants. Family. Lythrum intermedium Ledeb. The purple loosestrife has its name from the hemostatic effect. Lythrum salicaria is a tall, multistemmed (30-50 per plant), perennial forb that can grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) in height.. Foliage. Below you’ll learn the parts used, harvest time, nutrition and other ways humans use this amazing plant. Purple loosestrife produces thick, woody roots. Common Name(s): Purple Loosestrife; Phonetic Spelling LITH-rum sal-ih-KAIR-ee-ah This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina Description. It has showy, upright clusters of purple flowers. (3.8-10.2 cm) long and round or heart-shaped at the base. It is a wetland plant and does well near water. Purple loosestrife can be used as food and medicine. One problem is the ability of this plant too self seed, it is best not grown near waterways, agricultural land or forested areas as it can become a weed. Lythrum salicaria. What. Lythrum argyi H.Lév. The stem is 4 to 6 sided, with leaves that are opposite and sometimes have smaller leaves coming out at the […] Many tall … It has low nutrient requirements but flourishes The common loosestrife in North America has been shown not to displace native plant species, and it is also a source of food for many insects. Common Name: Loosestrife, Purple Scientific Name: Lythrum salicaria Family: Loosestrife (Lythraceae) Other Common Names: Spiked Loosestrife Flower Color: Purple Habitat: Wetlands General Bloom Dates: June - Sept General Characteristics: The magenta to purple colored blossoms are 5 or 6 petaled, 1/2" - 3/4" wide, and found in narrow spikes atop the 2' - 5' foot tall plant. The flowering parts are used as medicine. Other common names of the invasive plant are spiked loosestrife, beautiful killer, salicare, blooming sally, flowering sally, and purple … Botanical Description It is native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States into the Midwest as far east as Oklahoma and Texas. The plant was sold in North Dakota by its genus name Lythrum for at least 50 years. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), a beautiful but aggressive invader, arrived in eastern North America in the early 1800’s.Plants were brought to North America by settlers for their flower gardens, and seeds were present in the ballast holds of European ships that used soil to weigh down the vessels for stability on the ocean. Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. Botanical Name – Lythrum salicaria; Common Name – Purple Loosestrife Lythrum plants were brought to North Dakota for flower gardens because of their striking color, ease of growth, winter hardiness, and lack of insect or disease problems. It has 30-50 stems and forms wide-topped crowns. Gallery: Common names: Purple loosestrife, purple lythrum, spiked loosestrife Scientific Name: Lythrum salicaria Description: Purple loosestrife is an herbaceous wetland plant in the Lythraceae (loosestrife) family. Its displacement of native species in wetlands has led to the loss of suitable habitat for wildlife. A perennial from Europe, purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) usually grows from 3-5 feet tall, but can reach a height of up to 7 feet. Lythraceae. Common Name: Purple loosestrife Botanical name: Lythrum salicaria Legal Status: NEMBA Category 1a. Common Name: Purple Loosestrife Scientific Name: Lythrum salicaria L. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) is a wetland perennial that forms large, monotypic stands throughout the temperate regions of the U.S. and Canada.This aggressive invader replaces native vegetation, degrades wildlife habitat, and obstructs natural waterways. Common name: Purple Loosestrife (purple lythrum, spiked loosestrife) Growth form: Forb Life Span: Perennial Origin: Eurasia and Africa Flowering Dates: July-September Reproduction: Rhizomes and seeds Description: Height: 0.4 - 2.5 m (1.3 - 8 ft.) Flower: Rose - purple corolla (up to 2 cm across), petals 6 (5 - 7), crinkled; tube cylindrical (4 - 6 mm long), greenish; calyx lobes 6; stamens 12 Common Name: Purple Loosestrife; Other Names: Purple lythrum, bouquet-violet, European loosestrife, spiked loosestrife Pest Details. Its 50 stems are four-angled and glabrous to pubescent. 2016 Footnote 1). The collection year of the specimen is included. Identification: Purple loosestrife is an erect perennial herb in the loosestrife family (Lythraceae) that develops a strong taproot, and may have up to 50 stems arising from its base. Lysimachia is not as aggressive a spreader as the infamous purple loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria. Purple loosestrife is considered an invasive species. Find help & information on Lythrum salicaria purple loosestrife from the RHS. Purple-loosestrife can be found in wet habitats, such as reedbeds, fens, marshes and riverbanks, where its impressive spikes of magenta flowers rise up among the grasses. Purple loosestrife propagates quickly … Weed Seed: Lythrum salicaria (Purple loosestrife) Family. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. You can grow Purple Loosestrife in drier conditions however flowering is usually do as good. The common name of loosestrife is applied to plants in two different genera of two different families: Lysimachia (e.g., gooseneck loosestrife) is in the primrose family and Lythrum (e.g., purple loosestrife) is in the loosestrife family. Overview Information Purple loosestrife is a plant. Plants also displace native wildlife (DiTomaso and Healy 2003). Additionally, no transportation, propagation, or sale of these plants is allowed. It associates with cattail (Typha latifolia), common reed (Phragmites australis), cordgrass (Spartina spp. Genus name honors King Lysimachus (661-281 B.C. Lythrum salicaria L.. Lythrum salicaria, known commonly as Purple Loosestrife, is an interesting species native not only to Australia but widespread in Europe, Asia and North America.It is a herbaceous perennial related to Lagerstroemia (crepe myrtle) and known from ancient times. No serious insect or disease problems. In the wild, the deciduous and robust plant grows on the edge of streams or ditches and within wetlands and waters. Purple Loosestrife. Its square stems and opposite leaves may mislead you to think that it is a member of the Mint family, until you examine the flowers. Appearance. Common Name. The stems are reddish-purple or red to purple and square in cross-section and the downy leaves are lance-shaped. Purple Loosestrife Species Lythrum salicaria. Lythrum salicaria var. International Common Names Problems. Canadian: Occurs in all provinces but not in the territories (Brouillet et al. On mature plants, roots are extensive and can send out 30 to 50 shoots, creating a dense web. Purple loosestrife, a beautiful garden plant with an aggressive nature, was first introduced into North America in the early 1800s. Scientific Name. Common Name: Purple Loosestrife Scientific Name: Lythrum salicaria L. Legal Status: Prohibited - Control Efforts must be made to prevent seed maturation and dispersal of plants into new areas. Its leaves are sessile, opposite or whorled, lanceolate (2-10 cm long and 5-15 mm wide), with rounded to cordate bases. Lythraceae. go by the common name of “loosestrife” however they are completely unrelated plants of the genus Lysimachia. Lythrum salicaria - Purple Loosestrife, Rosy Strife, Kill Weed.Lythrum is a fairly small genus with about 36 species worldwide, with 13 species found in the United States, only 6 of which are native. Lythrum salicaria var. See more ideas about Plants, Common names, Perennials. It invades wetlands, often forming dense colonies that exclude native plants. mairei H.Lév. ex Colla; Lythrum salicaria var. purple loosestrife; Other Scientific Names. Its long stalks of purple flowers are a common sight in wetlands. The Arrival. Preferred Common Name. Purple loosestrife is known by the scientific name Lythrum salicaria. The Problem. ), Macedonian King of Thrace and is derived from lysimacheios which was the ancient Greek name of a plant in … Purple loosestrife is a wetland plant native to Europe and Asia that was brought to North America the early 19 th century. Purple loosestrife tol-erates shallow flooding and partial shade. The opposite or whorled leaves are dark-green, lance-shaped, sessile, 1.5-4 in. A plant of European origin, it is an erect, hairy perennial that can reach up to 2m high. About Common Loosestrife (Lythrum californicum) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Lythrum californicum is a species of flowering plant in the loosestrife family known by the common name California loosestrife. Purple Loosestrife. gracilior Turcz. Lythrum salicaria var. Purple Loosestrife. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is a woody half-shrub, wetland perennial that has the ability to out-compete most native species in BC’s wetland ecosystems.Dense stands of purple loosestrife threaten plant and animal diversity. Habitat: It prefers moist, highly organic soils and neutral to alkaline pH. This data set contains county-level distribution information for Purple loosestrife (scientific name - Lythrum salicaria) in the United States. Regulation. ), bulrush (Scirpus spp. Purple loosestrife is a perennial plant found rooted in a range of wet soil habitats. vulgare DC. tomentosum (P. Mill) DC. Common names; Herb: Purple Loosestrife Latin name: Lythrum salicaria Family: Lythraceae (Loosestrife Family) Medicinal use of Purple Loosestrife: Purple loosestrife is an astringent herb that is mainly employed as a treatment for diarrhoea and dysentery. 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