Has Deciduous foliage. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. The fruit consists of three layers: a green, fleshy husk; a black inner shell that is hard, thick and corrugated; and the kernel, which is oily and sweet. Mature Spread: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity. Plant more than one tree to ensure a better crop. Category: Medium shade tree; deciduous Your email address will not be published. The black walnut's poison does not work on all species and some even seem to thrive on it. nearly full sunlight for optimum early growth. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu- nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir- able. Height: 30 - 50 feet. (Partally self-fertile, plant multiple trees to ensure pollination) (zones 4-9) Alleopathy is the term given to the suppression of growth of one plant species by another due to the release of toxic substances. Width: 20 - 30 feet. Diameter growth on medium sites where the tree has good stand position may reach 10 to 20 cm (4 to 5 in) in 10 years. A partial list includes tomatoes, potatoes, peas, peppers, cabbage, alfalfa, serviceberry, chestnut, pine, arborvitae, apples, blueberry, blackberry, cherry, azalea, rhododendron, lilac, hydrangea, privet, members of the heath family. When grown in the open, the black walnut reaches 75' tall with a round, low branching, open crown that spreads nearly as wide as it is tall. The black tupelo grows to a height of 30–50' and a spread of 20–30' at maturity. Residential, commercial & coastal landscapes. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. var. Use as a lawn specimen or combine in mixed tree plantings. Bark: It has … The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. View Map. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? The trees bear in 12-15 years. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The black walnut grows to a height of 50–75' and a spread of 50–75' at maturity. Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. You must keep a wide separation between the black walnut tree and susceptible plants. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Black Tupelo grows 40'-50' high and 20'-30' wide. Required fields are marked *. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Growth rate is slow to medium. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. Pre-chilled seeds must be sown in spring. Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Zone: 5 to 9 The black walnut grows in in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. In forests and plantations, the tree may reach 150' tall with a well formed trunk and lower limbs self pruned from « to 2/3 the distance from the ground. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. of red a year. We have been impressed with the early returns of this new Tupelo. This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Growth Rate: This Black Gum tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. Develops a deep taproot, making it difficult to transplant. The plant tolerates competition and can exist on unfavorable sites. It develops a deep taproot and is difficult to transplant. Tree Characteristics. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Pruning: You can prune your tree in the winter if you like. Conical or Rounded Shape. Tupelo lesion happens when the Fusarium solani fungus attacks, resulting in the bark swelling up and becoming rough. Copyright © 2020 TIDEWATER TREES. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. The leaflets are finely toothed. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy. SKU: 04505 $24.99 For each offer ordered, get 1 bareroot Afterburner ® Tupelo: Zone: 5: Height: 35' Spread: 20' Shape: Upright pyramidal to oval Foliage: Bright green, glossy Fall Color: Bright red: Symmetrical, uniform branch structure and straight central leader make this cultivar both easier to grow and more beautiful in the landscape. 4. 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